In projects, we often need to provide APIs for third party to call. A common API design specification is using REST API, which uses HTTP request type to identify resource operation.

  • GET /ticket # get ticket list
  • GET /ticket/12 # view the specific ticket
  • POST /ticket # new a ticket
  • PUT /ticket/12 # update ticket 12
  • DELETE /ticket/12 # delete ticket 12

ThinkJS provides a very convenient way to create REST API. After created, it can response REST API process without writing any code, and it can also response additional demand by customization.

Create REST APIs

Use thinkjs controller [name] --rest to create REST API. eg.

thinkjs controller home/ticket --rest

The above command means that a Rest Controller named ticket is created in home module. And this Controller is used to handle the request for resource ticket.

Process REST API Requests

After Rest Controller created, you can complete REST API process without writing any code. Resource name and data table name is one-to-one. eg. resource name is ticket, then the data table name is data-table-prefix + ticket.

Request Type

REST API gets the current request type from HTTP METHOD by default. eg.the current request type is DELETE, which means to delete the resource.

If some clients do not support sending DELETE request, you can set the property _method to receive request type. eg.

export default class extends {
    this._method = '_method'; //specify to get request type from _method in GET params

Field Filter

By default, all fields of resource are all returned when accessing it. Sometimes we need to hide part of fields, and we can complete such operations in magic method __before.

export default class extends {
    this.modelInstance.fieldReverse('password,score'); //hide password and score fields

Authority Management

Some REST APIs require authentication. Only after passing the validation can it obtain the corresponding information. The validation can be carried out in the magic method __before.

export default class extends {
  async __before(){
    let auth = await this.checkAuth();
      return'no permissions'); // return directly when no permission

More Customization

See API -> for more customization ways.